“They feared that Japan’s right wing would use it to help whitewash its personal comfort women historical past,” said Ms. Kim, referring to historic feuds between Seoul and Tokyo over sexual slavery. It additionally blamed the federal government for the “systematic and violent” means it detained the ladies and forced them to obtain treatment for sexually transmitted illnesses. Choe Sang-Hun examined unsealed authorities documents and interviewed six women who labored in camp cities round American military bases in South Korea for this article. In 1973, when U.S. navy and South Korean officers met to debate points in camp cities, a U.S. Army officer stated that the Army coverage on prostitution was “complete suppression,” however “this is not being carried out in Korea,” in accordance with declassified U.S. navy documents. In interviews with The New York Times, six former South Korean camp town women described how their authorities used them for political and financial gain earlier than abandoning them.
When a sociologist, Kim Gwi-ok, began reporting on wartime comfort ladies for the South Korean army in the early 2000s, citing paperwork from the South Korean Army, the government had the documents sealed. Last September, 100 such ladies received a landmark victory when the South Korean Supreme Court ordered compensation for the sexual trauma they endured. It found the federal government guilty of “justifying and encouraging” prostitution in camp towns to assist South Korea maintain its army alliance with the United States and earn American dollars.
Boycotts convey mixed outcomes, and it’s unclear what critics have been looking for.
The subject stays far more taboo than discussions of the women pressured into sexual slavery by Japan. After Bud Light’s sales slumped and the brand found itself thrust into the nation’s culture wars, Anheuser-Busch, the beer’s brewer, introduced final week that two of its executives were taking a depart of absence. The firm also mentioned on Thursday that it would focus its marketing campaigns on sports activities and music. Under guidelines U.S. army and South Korean officials labored out, camp city ladies had to carry registration and V.D. Test cards and to wear numbered badges or identify tags, according to unsealed paperwork and former comfort girls. Although the dollars didn’t go directly to the government, they entered the financial system, which was starved for hard forex.
In 1961, Gyeonggi Province, the populous area surrounding Seoul, thought of it “urgent to prepare mass facilities for consolation girls to supply comfort for U.N. Troops or increase their morale,” according to paperwork submitted to the court docket as proof. The local authorities gave permits to private clubs to recruit such women to “save price range and earn international currency.” It estimated the number of consolation women in its jurisdiction at 10,000 and rising, catering to 50,000 American troops. There were “particular comfort women units” for South Korean soldiers, and “comfort stations” for American-led U.N.
She would discover the skipper Jean Kay was a needed man, on the run from an infamous bank heist – and that by then he had been a hijacker, a mercenary, a soldier, and one of the last nice radical activists. It would be the start of an unlikely but lifelong friendship between the Australian novelist and the French outlaw.